Types Of Commercial Ovens? Know The Detailed Answer

Commercial ovens are the centrepiece of any food service business. Whether you’re running a bakery, restaurant, cafe, or even large-scale commissaries, the commercial oven is the single piece of equipment that can make or break your establishment.

So, to kick off your new business or improve on the existing one, you’ll have to pull the trigger on the right oven. You must know about the different types of commercial ovens to do that. 

Types Of Commercial Ovens

Go through the different types of ovens that are used for commercial purposes. Each type has its own set of advantages. Trust me, correctly pinpointing the exact one you need will save you from many troubles you may not see coming.

Standard Ovens

Standard ovens, aka radiant ovens, are the most skeletal form of commercial ovens. This type of oven features a heating unit located at the bottom. Their most vital point is the ability to cook any recipe that may come their way. 

But at low temperatures, they cook rather slowly and unevenly because of inconsistent radiant heat. That being said, their low cost coupled with versatility makes them a pretty popular option. They’re also straightforward to repair.

Convection Ovens

As you may already know, the higher the supply of air (oxygen in it), the greater the amount of heat you’ll get out of the same amount of fuel. This is the exact principle the convection oven is based upon. It’s just a standard oven equipped with fans that circulate air across the oven. 

Thus, this type of stove has a higher heat efficiency. The food also gets cooked much faster, and with more consistent heating, it gets more evenly cooked. Like standard ovens, these are also suitable for every recipe. All these make it perhaps the most commonly used commercial oven.

Conveyor Ovens

As the name suggests, the conveyor oven has a conveyor belt that carries the food through the heating area. An air of very high temperature is blown down upon the food. In addition to the temperature, the air is accelerated through a perforated sheet. This combination of heat and speed allows the oven to cook fast and uniformly. 

Moreover, this type of oven is particularly suitable for busy restaurants and pizza shops that need a continuous stream of fast-cooked food. These are economically unsustainable for smaller shops with limited (in terms of volume) and diverse needs. 

Deck Ovens

Its name comes from the deck, a heated heavy stone shelf that acts as a sort of hearth. The food is directly placed on the deck to get cooked. This stone construction is particularly suitable for traditionally cooked foods in a hearth.

Bakeries and pizza shops often use these ovens. These kinds of ovens are specialized for bread-oriented items. So, most foods cannot be efficiently cooked here. Stones aren’t good conductors, so much heat is lost. That being said, it’s the perfect option for rustic bakeries and pizza corners.

Combination Ovens

This type of oven combines regular stove cooking and steam cooking. Steam is either generated in an open water reservoir called a spritzer or a built-in boiler. Combination ovens are champions of versatility. You can cook rice, poultry, seafood, vegetables, and other popular meals with them.

Cook and Hold Ovens

Once you’ve cooked the food, you’ll have to keep it warm so that it can be served fresh to the customer, right? This is precisely what the cook and hold oven does. The oven cooks slowly, thus ensuring little to no food shrinkage.

Further, this makes it perfect for braising or roasting meats and vegetables. The same goes for baking bread. 

Because of its slow speed, it’s not suitable for bustling restaurants. But for cooking ahead of schedule, maintaining food, and keeping it warm. 


These are relatively big ovens for cooking meat in large quantities. A rotating spit or a hanging basket turns the meat constantly. The meat can retain the juices that would otherwise dry out if cooked in a pan.

Also, he constant turning of the meat also ensures that it is evenly cooked. If equipped with a vegetable basket, this type of oven can also cook vegetables


If you don’t have an option to cook outdoors, your customers are craving a barbecue flavor! What do you do? You use a smoker. This type of oven infuses food with a smoky flavor. Some of them can also hold finished food for serving gradually.

Wrapping Up!

You’ve learned about the different types of commercial ovens; you’re one step closer to making the right pick. A perfect oven will go a long way to ensure that your customers are satisfied, they keep coming, and you stay happily busy ever after!

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